Kerala State is one of the famous travel destination in India. It is famous for its beaches, houseboats, backwater, hills, and culture.
If you travel Kerala, you can see different performing arts and cultures throughout Kerala. In this article, I tried to give some basic information about the performing arts of Kerala.
Kathakali: Kathakali is one of the major forms of classical dance of Kerala. The main feature of this art is make-up, costumes, and facemask. Kathakali performer uses their hand, facial expression according to the story. Kathakali story is more related to the folk mythology, religious and spiritual
Krishnanattam: Krishnanattam resembles the Kathakali art. It is a dance-drama art form of Hindu god Krishna in a series of eight plays. Krishnattam is famous in Guruvayur temple. Devotees are offering Krishnattam performance in this temple
Manojk, Krishnanattam Guruvayur 3, CC BY-SA 3.0
Jean-Pierre Dalbéra, Krishnanattam Mudra, CC BY 2.0
Ottan Thullal: Ottan Thullal is one of the famous dance and poetic performance of Kerala. In ottan thullal, a lone performer, with green make-up and colorful dress, acts and dances for the lyrics. The lyrics are in Malayalam and artist repeats each sentence.
Most of the performance based on Mahabharata or religious based performance.
Kalaripayattu: Kalaripayattu is one form of martial art, which is performed in Kerala’s North Malabar region.
Kalari means battlefield, payattu means performance. Each performer receives regular training. It has three variants based on attacking and defensive patterns.
Leelavathy B.M, Kalarippayattu, CC BY-SA 3.0
Mohiniyattam – Mohiniyattam is one of a classical dance performance of Kerala. “Mohini” refers to a mythical enchantress avatar of Hindu god Vishnu. Mohinyattam traditionally a solo dance performance performed by women. The performer performances classical dance for the music which is in the Carnatic style.
Theyyam – Theyyam, also called as Kaliyattam is a ritual performance of North Kerala Region. Theyyam incorporates dance, mime, rituals and worship of heroes and spirit of ancestors. The most famous theyyam performances are Raktha Chamundi, Kari Chamundi, Muchilottu Bhagavathi, Wayanau Kulaven etc. Most Theyyam performances are during the night.
Vijayakumarblathur, Neeliyarbhagavathi9, CC BY-SA 3.0
Yakshagana – Yakshagana is a famous traditional performance which includes dance, music, dialogue, costumes, make-up and stage performance. Yakshagana is popular is North Kerala and South Karnataka Region. The performer performances the stories from old Indian History. Yakashagana generally performed during night time. There are many popular mela’s (troops) exists in Kerala and Karnataka
Some of the Major troops are Kateel Mela, Dharmasthala Mela, Edaneer Mela etc
G.R.hegde, Padmashri chittani ramachandra hegde, CC BY-SA 4.0
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